Eyecare is essential to overall health and quality of life. One of the leading causes of vision loss is macular degeneration. It causes irreversible vision loss and potential blindness. At Meridian Eye Care in Yankton, we treat macular degeneration and other eye health issues.
Macular Degeneration Explained
Macular degeneration occurs when the macula deteriorates. The macula is the center part of the retina that allows for clear vision in your direct line of sight. It usually does not cause complete blindness, but it can affect your vision significantly. Identifying macular degeneration early can help slow the progression.
There are two basic types of macular degeneration, wet and dry. You can develop both forms of the disease, and they can progress quickly or slowly. Dry macular degeneration is more common and causes the eye cells to break down. Wet macular degeneration is more severe and can sometimes cause blindness within days or weeks.
Macular degeneration does not have any symptoms during the onset, but as it progresses, you can experience the following:
- Reduced vision in your line of sight
- Blurriness of printed words
- Fading colors
- Seeing straight lines as bent
- Difficulty recognizing faces
- Blind spots in your central vision
It's essential to have regular eye exams to determine the health of your eyes. Any person can develop macular degeneration, but there are certain risk factors. They include:
- Having a family history of the disease
- Being of Caucasian descent
- Smoking also significantly increases your risk of the disease
Macular degeneration is diagnosed during annual eye exams. An optometrist from our team will look at the back of your retina. We also look for any yellow deposits called drusen. These deposits are often a sign of macular degeneration.
Treating Macular Degeneration
There is no cure for macular degeneration, but several methods can be used to slow the progression. They include injections, photodynamic therapy, laser surgery, and prescription medication. There are also many preventative measures, like avoiding smoking, protecting your eyes from UV lights, exercising, and maintaining a proper diet.
Contact Meridian Eye Care in Yankton, SD
Our optometrists at Meridian Eye Care effectively treat macular degeneration. We are here to address any concerns or questions that you might have regarding your eye health. Call our team today at (605) 665-8688 or reach us through our website by using our online contact form.